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The problem of violence





Th PRBLM F VLNC

( ssy)


hv studd nturl hzrds fr 35 yrs. hv fcusd n th wys tht fmls, cmmunts, cts pln fr nd cp wth xtrm vnts such s drught, fld, strm, nd rthquk. Frm ths yrs f wrk sm gnrl bsrvtns mrg nd stnd n pssbl cntrst t wht n S lkly t fnd whn thnkng mr dply but th trrr ttck n th Wrld Trd Cntr.

Ntur's hrm, humn vlnc. Dspt th grvus njurs nd dths cusd by nturl hzrds, thr ffcts r nt spkn f r thught f s "vlnc". Sm uthrs nthrpmrphz, spkng f "th rth's vlnt frcs" r "ntur's fury ", but W ll knw tht ths r fgurs f spch. Ntur cuss hrm. nly W humn bngs d vlnt cts t ur fllw humns. p> Hw W "lv wth "hzrds. lthugh sm nturl hzrds (such s rthquks s ppsd t mst vlcnc ruptns nd mst wthr xtrms) r vry suddn nd gv lttl r n wrnng, mst ppl hv lrnd t ​​"lv wth" ths ccurrncs. Thy "Tk prcutns" nd gt n wth thr lvs. Thr S lttl vdnc tht ppl lvng nr th Sn ndrs r ntln fults r n csts xpsd t hurrcns lv n cnstnt fr. n fct, T S chllng f rsk cmmunctn nd publc ductn t mtvt ppl t cntnu t tk prcutns n btwn vnts.

Sctl dpttns t hzrds. n th prsnc f rcurrnt nturl hzrds scts dpt. dpttns r tchnlgcl nd scl chngs whs m S t rduc th mpct f hzrds. Thy typclly bcm prt f rutn prctc, whthr Ths S th grzng pttrn f nmdc pstrlsts r th cnstructn prctcs f urbn ndustrlsts. Such rutns bcm uncnscus, thy bcm "nrml" prctc. T tht xtnt th scl Grup bcm, ncrmntlly, mr rslnt nd lss vulnrbl t th nturl hzrd. Huss r cmmnly bult n rsd munds n Bngldsh. T S "nrml" hus buldng prctc, nd T S ls prt f strtgy f fld prfng. n ndustrl scty "nrml" prctc S ftn nfrcd by lw s "stndrd" prctc. Hnc buldng cds nd thr nfrcmnt r gnrlly thugh t xpln th grt dffrnc n lvs lst whn cmprng rthquks such s Nrthrdg (1994) nd Sttl (2001) r vn Kb (1995, wth ts 6,000 dd) wth Kcl (Turky, 1999) nd Gujrt (2001).

Th rl f tchnlgy nd scnc. Durng th 19 th nd 20 th Cnturs, dvlpmnts n scnc nd tchnlgy (rth scnc, ngnrng, publc hlth, tc) hv plyd n mprtnt rl n th mtgtn f nturl hzrds. Hwvr, cncmtnt pttrns f urbnztn, Lnd us, ncrsd nrgy cnsumptn, nd xtnsn f nfrstructur hs ls ncrsd th vulnrblty f tchnlgclly dpndnt scts t dsruptns nd vn t ctclysmc flur. ls, n cs by cs bss, T S clr tht Hgh lvls f tchnlgcl dvlpmnt ftn lds t th ptntl fr cscdng scndry hzrds fllwng prmry vnts such s rthquks r flds. Ths tk th frm f xplsns, frs, rls f hzrdus mtrls, nd dsruptn n lfln nfrstructur.

Ds th study f scty's rspns t nturl hzrds hv nythng t cntrbut t undrstndng nd prvntng Futur ctstrphs lk th ttck n th Wrld Trd Cntr? p> . Wht? Vrts f hrm, vlnc, nd trrr. Dstnctn btwn vlnc nd trrr. p> Ntur cuss hrm, nt vlnc. Ntur ds nt ct. nmls d nt ct. Humns d. n ct mpls ntntnlty. Th hrm cuss by ntur S th rsult f prcsss, xtrm vnts, nt cts (lthugh humn cts r flurs t ct ply rl n crbtng nd dstrbutng th mpcts f n xtrm nturl vnt). Ths S tru vn whn th flyd nd brkn rmns f humn bngs rsultng frm Flsh fld r tsunm cn b s hrrbly dsfgurd thn vctms f bmb blst r rsn.

f curs Ths dstnctn S bvus. But th mr sgnfcnt pnt S tht Ths dstnctn S dply mbddd n ll culturs nd blf systms. T S smhw sr fr us t grv nd yt t ccpt th xtrm nturl vnts tht cut lvs shrt n plnt rth. W my bcm vry ngry but th flur f uthrts t prvd scl prtctn, dqut wrnng, r suffcnt rcvry ssstnc. W my sk th "rt cuss" f vulnrblty f crtn grups rthr thn thrs t such xtrm nturl vnts (pvrty, gndr, g r thnc dscrmntn, tc). W my blm hstry, clss scty, r th myr, but W gnrlly d nt blm ntur.

T S dffrnt wth humn cts. Thr r ccdntl dths, mnslughtr, dths by msdvntur. drunk drvr wll b blmd nd punshd. S, smt...


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